In Modern Arabic Literature, 'Al -Ayyām' Biography of Dr. Taha Hussain, as a Model

في الأدب العربي الحديث (الأيام) السيرة الذاتية للدكتور طه حسين أنموذجا


  • Dr. Makkia Bukhsh The Women University, Multan
  • Dr. Kalsoom Paracha



Arabic literature, Modern Arabic literature, Al-Ayyam, Taha Hussain, Al-Azhar, Europe


It has been known about Arabic literature since antiquity, especially from pre-Islamic times, that it is fertile and possesses wonderful fields and treasures, whether in poetry or prose. Modern Arabic literature has spread recently in various studies and artistic and critical forms, which affected this fertile field, and raised its level in front of other foreign literature such as French and American literatures. And he presented it to the circle of great interests of critics, writers, and thinkers, and this is due to the emergence of the prose arts, which occupied the position that was occupied by the arts of poetry in the past, the most important of which are the novel, the story, the play, and the biography, so the biography became the most famous and influential among readers and the strongest expression in technical meanings. Taha Hussain was blind, but God granted him knowledge and insight. He achieved great success in his life. He was a great writer, critic, a great historian, and Egyptian translator. The book “Al-Ayyam” by Taha Hussein is considered the beginning of the biography of the Arab race and an ideal model for him. The book Al-Ayyam was written by the Dean of Literature in three parts, the first part is about childhood and the events that took place in it, and the second part is in the book (Al-Ayyam) in which Dr. Taha Hussein writes about his educational life at Al-Azhar and what he gained in this knowledge environment in Cairo.

As for the third part of "The Days", Taha Hussein tells us about a new period in his life, the period of struggle for renewal and striving for openness, the period of movement and the transition to a new, different world, the world of Europe